Essay, Research Paper: Bansonyi

Art

Free Art research papers were donated by our members/visitors and are presented free of charge for informational use only. The essay or term paper you are seeing on this page was not produced by our company and should not be considered a sample of our research/writing service. We are neither affiliated with the author of this essay nor responsible for its content. If you need high quality, fresh and competent research / writing done on the subject of Art, use the professional writing service offered by our company.

Art can be used to study the progression of a civilization
through time. Art is usually used to express one’s beliefs religiously,
politically, and sometimes as a source of communication, which is accomplished
through imagery. Symbols in works of art can be related to nature and myths.1
From the beginning of Chinese history, art and philosophy worked hand-in-hand
with the creation of a work of art. Chinese art was used as evidence of a
person’s behavior and attitude towards nature and other beings (e.g. the nicer
the painting the better the person.)2 During the seventh and eighth centuries
Chinese art was at its peak. China at this time was under the jurisdiction of
the T’ang Dynasty. Because of the beautiful work being manufactured China
became a multinational society. Paintings and sculptures were not the only works
that China would receive admiration for. Their music and literature (poems which
sometimes explained works of art) were also at their richest points,3 T’ang
art has incomparable vigor, realism, dignity... There is an optimism, an energy,
a frank acceptance of tangible reality which gives the same character to all
T’ang art, whether it be the most splendid fresco from the hand of a master or
the humblest tomb figurine made by the village potter. (Sullivan 160) When a
piece of artistic work was considered good all that really mattered was the
amount of effort that went into the piece and not the derivation of the
person’s economic class. Scarce materials were used very often in the creation
of Chinese artifacts. One of the mot famous and revered stones used was Jade,
which was very hard and indestructible. Jade cannot be found in China; it was
traded with Burma, which is located on the outer edge of China, so it is amazing
to know how much work was done with it in the 600 and 700 era. Jade was usually
used in burials in the sealing of the orifices of the body. This mineral was
also recognized for having a beautiful reverberating tone. Jade was carved by
pulverizing it with the assistance of an abrasive powder, a skill that was
modified from the Shang craftsmen from their Neolithic craftsmen.4 The fine work
on the Emerald was done through the use of a wire saw for fine details. Then it
is smoothed with a polishing wheel.5 In the process of working with Jade the
artisan would have to form a respect induced relationship between self and the
material. When the artist first receives the material he would not begin to
carve because the contour, proportions, and decoration of the piece would depend
on religious ceremony. Craftsmen would sometimes study a piece of Jade for many
years before deciding what to do with it. Jade comes in an array colors ranging
from yellow to brown and from light green to bright green, black and dark purple
and those of the highest value were white. Each color of Jade had a specific
classification such as ink black, snow, kingfisher green, sea green, grass
green, vermilion red and mutton-fat. Green stones in Chinese culture are deemed
for having healing powers. That was my main reason for having such an interest
in relics made from green minerals.6 The piece I chose to study is called the
Nine Elders of the Huichang, Mountain Scene of the celebrated gathering in 845
C.E. The Jade used is green nephrite from Hotan. This piece sits in the Peking
Palace Museum. It stands 4 ft. high, 3 ft. wide and weighs 1,830 pounds. This
piece was completed in 1786 with the addition of a poem engraved on the back of
the figurine by the Qianlong emperor. The frontal view illustrates a scene of
the first and second elders playing chess in the gazebo and the third elder
observing. Below that a small servant boy is boiling water for tea. The fourth
and fifth elders are conversing and strolling over the bridge, followed by
another boy servant. The remaining four elders can be seen on the reverse side
of the effigy. The sixth elder has his hand on a boy’s head and they are both
absorbing the beauty of nature. The seventh senior is walking with the
assistance of a bamboo stick and his boy attendant is following behind him. The
eighth superior is playing a string instrument called a Qin making music for the
listening pleasure of the ninth senior and his boy servant.7 I was drawn to this
piece because it contained such great detail and symbolism. This artifact shows
the significance of the respect one should have towards elders. This piece also
elaborates on the importance of nature to the Chinese culture. The mountains,
trees, and waterfalls are engraved in great detail and that is what makes the
carving seem life-like. BIBLIOGRAPHY Burling Hart, Judith and Arthur. Chinese
Art. Studio Publications, Inc. Froneck, Thomas. Horizon Book of the Arts of
China - Horizon Magazine Sickman, Laurence and Super, Alexander. The Art and
Architecture of China. Penguin Books Ltd. Third Edition. 1968. Sullivan,
Michael. The Arts of China. University of California Press. Los Angeles: 1973
Tregear, Mary. Chinese Art. Thames and Hudson Inc. Revised Edition 1997. Weng,
Wang-go and Boda, Yang. The Palace Museum: Peking Treasures of the Forbidden
City. The Harry N. Abrams, Inc. New York: 1982 Sharon Matute September 26, 1999
Art 101- 007 Professor Sax African carvings were not considered to be works of
art to the African people. They were used for religious purposes and magical
ceremonies. A carved image was not an idol or an image of God. It was the proper
place for a spirit to dwell. There were many different kinds of spirits, e.g.
the earth, lightning, sun, moon, spirits of the tribal founders which needed a
home or dwelling place so they can be categorized. Hence, the statues were used
to give the spirits an identity. They were also spirits who were blamed for
misfortunes when they occurred. When the spirit enters the statue, it was a
tribal custom to provide for the statute as one would for a human. Since the
Africans associated the carvings with religion, the sculptures helped them to
deal with their psychological issues.



0
0
Good or bad? How would you rate this essay?
Help other users to find the good and worthy free term papers and trash the bad ones.
Like this term paper? Vote & Promote so that others can find it

Get a Custom Paper on Art:

Free papers will not meet the guidelines of your specific project. If you need a custom essay on Art: , we can write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written papers will pass any plagiarism test, guaranteed. Our writing service will save you time and grade.




Related essays:

0
0
During the Baroque period, new ideas and views of society and of religion spurred up. To express these new ideas many artists used the ideas of past artists to further expand their own motives. &quo...
5385 views
0 comments
0
0
Art / Basquiat
In the 1980's art punk movement, the only thing the market liked better than a hot young artist was a dead hot young artist, and it got one in Jean-Michel Basquiat, whose working life of about nine...
5119 views
0 comments
0
0
Botticelli’s masterpiece, Primavera, depicts a scene of slow moving grace in what appears to be a mythical garden. The actual subject of this masterpiece is unknown, but there are volumes of ideas c...
4474 views
0 comments
2
3
The renaissance was a time of wonderful art, though one artist in particular stood out, that was Sandro Botticelli. This man created some of the most renowned pieces of art in European history; one g...
7506 views
1 comments
0
0
Botticelli is one of the most famous artists during the Italian Renaissance. He was very well know for the portrayal of the female figure and his ability to incorporate femininity as a symbol of life...
3950 views
0 comments