Essay, Research Paper: Arab Nationalism


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HARVEY: The global march against child labor was born in a conversation that I
had with Kailash Satyarthi-- the very charismatic leader of the move to bring
children out of bonded labor in India-- the head of the South Asian Coalition on
Child Servitude. KAILASH: We have ample proof that the children are being used
as slaves. They are bought and sold. They are tortured. They are confined to
workplace. They are not able to leave their jobs. HARVEY: These are kids working
in brick kilns, working in farms as a part of bonded farm labor, working in
granite quarries; kids in sexual slavery, or being trafficked across national or
state boundaries for sexual purposes. Those are the kinds of kids that this
global march is an effort to highlight. MARCHERS: Global March! HARVEY: So we
decided that the global march was a way by which we could bring international
pressure to country after country. This was not just a simple protest. Along the
way, organizers met with community groups like this one to try to link local
concerns with the March’s broader goals, which resonate with people in
Thailand. They’re still reeling from the collapse of their currency. SULAK:
Economic growth must take human dignity, human rights, environmental balance,
into consideration. In the wake of Thailand’s financial crisis, Buddhist
Scholar Sulok Sivaraksa, like many activists, sees growing poverty in human
rights terms. SULAK: We have more prostitutes than monks. We have child
laborers. We destroy our environment. The people in Bangkok itself, 20% live in
slums. And many people don’t even live in the slums, they live under the
bridges and so on and so forth. And yet people feel these are not human rights
issues. The Global March is just one new cross-border tactic--an illustration of
how globalization from above leads to a globalized resistance from below.
KAILASH: But in the case of children, in the case of poor people, they have no
calculations of their profit margins. They always think of their compassion,
their love, sharings, taking care of each other. So that is the real
globalization. So I believe that we have to learn from those children how to
globalize the world. Whether we learn from innocent children, worldly business
leaders, or concerned human rights activists, one thing is clear, globalization
is here to stay. In a world that is becoming more connected and interdependent,
a curious collection of politically strange bedfellows has begun to coalesce in
a search for solutions to complex global challenges. In the process, they are
discovering some surprising things about this world-- and about themselves.
Amnesty International’s Pierre Sane. PIERRE SANE: We do not expect business to
become a human rights defender. We know that if business adopts a human rights
language and behavior, it will be as a means to the long-term objective of
securing greater and greater profits. For us, human rights is an end, it’s an
absolute. So there is a journey that we can go together. There is some tactical
alliances that we can develop. GOULDING: It’s perfectly possible to have a
two-track approach to this where some people very properly focus on the business
engagement issues and others focus on the human rights agenda. Many companies in
the global marketplace are trying to become what they call global corporate
citizens, and some even say human rights are now part of their business
principles. Shell Oil's Alan Detheridge DETHERIDGE: Companies like Shell have a
role to play in promoting human rights. Not just the rights of its staff, not
just the rights of contractors who work for us, but promoting rights more
generally, and certainly within the communities in and amongst whom we operate.
As corporate leaders grapple with how to respond to human rights challenges,
human rights activists are abandoning their traditional focus on abuses by
governments. They are now confronting the many impacts of globalization that we
have explored in this report. GAY MCDOUGALL: There's been an explosion of human
rights organizations all around the world that are now in touch with each
another, and are now beginning to talk more and more about common problems,
common strategies. It's no longer just the question of a human rights
organization that focuses solely on the problems in their country. But they’re
seeing the link between the problems in their country and problems across
borders, regionally and internationally. Both Globalization’s proponents and
critics, see the fight for human rights as a major challenge. HORMATS: I think
there has been a lot of improvement in human rights around the world. This is
not to say that there is perfection and it's not to say there are no problems.
But I think one of the great benefits that globalization has provided the world
is improvements in human well being. THABO MBEKI: Well, I think there is a very
good thing that is happening in the whole international economic debate.
There’s issues of poverty, of a better life, of equity. Those issues are
coming back onto the agenda even of the international corporate world. A
movement away from merely what governs our decisions and behavior is the bottom
line and that's it. NADER: This is global trade without global law, without
global democracy. And if you have global trade and investment dominated by a few
giant corporations, who pit one country against another without a rule of law,
you’re going to have increasing pressure–both in the first world and in the
thrid world —standards of living and standards of justice. TUTU: I hold to the
view that this is a moral universe. Goodness matters as it did forever in the
past. It will continue to do so. Truth matters. Corruption matters. I mean
we’ve seen, we’ve seen why some of the financial institutions in Thailand,
Indonesia, have gone under. It's been basically, ultimately, that they have
flouted ethical rules, not so much just financial rules. It has been ethical
rules. I have no qualms myself. I have no deep anxiety that we are suddenly
going to become an amoral society because of globalization. Still questions
remain: Will globalization advance democracy and human rights, or will corporate
power triumph above all else? And, how can we as citizens of the world get
involved and help provide solutions? C. HUNTER-GAULT: In this era of
globalization, these are not academic questions but flash points for continuing
debate. A debate that will determine the values that will shape the world of the
21st Century.
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