Essay, Research Paper: Multilaterianism

Politics

Free Politics research papers were donated by our members/visitors and are presented free of charge for informational use only. The essay or term paper you are seeing on this page was not produced by our company and should not be considered a sample of our research/writing service. We are neither affiliated with the author of this essay nor responsible for its content. If you need high quality, fresh and competent research / writing done on the subject of Politics, use the professional writing service offered by our company.


When President Bill Clinton was inaugurated in 1993, he stressed a new policy
concerning a revived United Nations and the actions that would be taken by the
United States concerning the “New World Order,” a term coined by his
predecessor George Bush depicting the post-Cold War international arena. Clinton
had campaigned on the need for a multilateral organization to share costs and
share risks of any peacekeeping venture. The Clinton Administration had made
multilateralism a campaign issue and put it in the forefront of their foreign
policy agenda. However, with the problems occurred during the initial trial
period of this assertive multilateralism, exemplified by US military blunders in
Somalia, Clinton and his advisors now found themselves questioning their own
policies and preferences in foreign affairs especially in terms of multilateral
peace operations. This case study delves into these issues and how Clinton and
his administration sought answers to this problematic puzzle. The main
operations of the United Nations are humanitarian relief efforts, peacekeeping
by invitation and peace enforcement. The latter entails the most danger and
conflict situations. These are soldiers trained to fight, not make peace. This
is, and always will be, an enigma for those associated with peacekeeping
operations. The same forces that are meant to keep the peace for a UN
peacekeeping mission have been trained all their lives to make war, not peace.
Your warmakers are your peacemakers. This will always cause confusion and
disruption in any relief efforts involving peacekeeping operations. The case
study attempts to explain the problems encountered during multilateral peace
operations. Certain issues must first be addressed. The national interest of the
United States is first and foremost. This is the key to making peace or to
making war. The issue of whom is in command and who is in control is also an
important factor as is the time frame in which the US will remain involved.
Certain issues that became hot topics of debate among Clinton’s advisors were
those of the Rapid Reaction Force and the idea of private UN forces. The latter
fell into ill favor with Joint Chiefs of Staff Chairman Colin Powell, who did
not like the circumstances of a separate US military entity solely used as a
mechanism of the UN. The benefits of a Rapid Reaction Force were many. They
could be deployed quickly. They would also alternate countries. A database would
be created; therefore the US would not always have to go on the respective
missions called on by the UN. The case study completes while examining the
choices Clinton finally made regarding multilateral peace operations. He used
the advice of his two closest cabinet members to this issue in an attempt to
reach a resolution: Powell and Secretary of State Madeline Albright. Albright
wanted to practice assertive multilateralism and use the UN forces only when it
benefited the US. She said that the US should always try a multilateralist
approach to the respective situation, and if there is no sharing and they
receive no international support but the issue at stake is in it vital national
interest, the US will go on alone. Powell was against the practice as a whole.
He did not look too kindly on the idea of the US engaging in an unknown war, at
an unknown time and under an unknown command. Powell also hesitated to support a
military venture with unknown goals, unknown missions and an unknown in the
controlling offices. The finality of the situation was that the Clinton
Administration was way too optimistic on the idea of world peace. They were not
realistic. Multilateralism can work, but it mustn’t be the centerpiece of a
foreign policy agenda as Clinton had sought it to be. The reasons why Clinton
eventually took this approach were three-fold. The military, exemplified by
Powell’s emphatic stance, were against the entire idea. Congress, after
Somalia, was weary of further intervention, as was the public. This case study
details the problems that can occur within an administration when ideological
differences abound, particularly between military and political players.
0
0
Good or bad? How would you rate this essay?
Help other users to find the good and worthy free term papers and trash the bad ones.
Like this term paper? Vote & Promote so that others can find it

Get a Custom Paper on Politics:

Free papers will not meet the guidelines of your specific project. If you need a custom essay on Politics: , we can write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written papers will pass any plagiarism test, guaranteed. Our writing service will save you time and grade.




Related essays:

0
0
Politics / Mumia Abu Jamal
Wesley Cook was born in 1954. While he was protesting at a George Wallace for president rally in 1968, several white men attacked him. He claims that two men grabbed him. One kicked his face and skul...
1860 views
0 comments
0
0
Politics / Mumia Abu Jamal
The following paper will discuss the topic of racial injustice in the United States Legal System. Since this topic is so broad, it will deal with the trial of Mumia Abu Jamal in 1982. This paper will...
1726 views
0 comments
0
0
Globalization over the past twenty has become an issue in many countries. This industrialization of second and third world countries by Western Civilization creates many opportunities for the inhabit...
1950 views
0 comments
0
0
Politics / NAFTA
"The free trade argument states that, if each nation produces what it does best and permits trade, over the long run all will enjoy lower prices and higher levels of output, income, and consumpt...
1831 views
0 comments
0
1
Politics / Nationalism
During the 100-year period of 1814 to 1914 every social group throughout Europe embraced the ideology of nationalism. Its success was largely due to the fact that it offered something for everyone re...
2284 views
0 comments