Essay, Research Paper: Monotheism

Religion

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In Hebrew history, there are many instances that show there is only one true God
that the Hebrews worship. The worship of only one God is called Monotheism.
Judaism is regarded by most to be the founding religion of God. A sign of
monotheism is that Jews believed in a single, transcendent God who created the
universe and continues to govern it. The same God who created the world revealed
himself to the Israelites at Mount Sinai. When Moses went to talk to God on
Mount Sinai, God had talked to the Israelites. He had told them that he was the
God that had given them freedom from Egypt. God also gave Moses the Ten
Commandments. The Israelites were about to enter the Promise land but before
they could, the Israelites had to make a covenant with God. The Covenant was
that they would only believe in God and no other gods. The Jewish people then
would acknowledge God, agreeing to obey his laws; God, in turn, would
acknowledge Israel as his particular people. The people had sealed the covenant
by making an ark. This ark consisted of cherubs on top of ark with a sitting
place between all the cherubs for God. Inside the ark would consist the Ten
Commandments. The reason God had given the Israelites the Ten Commandments
because the Canaanites had worshiped in false gods and God did not want the
Israelites to fall into that trap. This was also to show how strongly the
Israelites had believed in God. If you had broken any commandment, God punished
you unless you had repented your sin or sins. God forgave people know matter
what you did if you had asked for forgiveness from him. People had assumed that
this God was the same God of Abraham, Isaac, and Joseph. The Israelites would go
into battle carrying the Ark of the Covenant because they felt it was that God
was with them and nothing could be done then to destroy them. One thing about
the covenant, no one was allowed to touch it because touching the covenant meant
seeing God and no man has seen God and lived. As time went one and the
Israelites had finally settled in the Promise land, Canaanites had taught the
Israelites how the farm. This was not good because they had started to establish
techniques from the Canaanites. As time went by, the Israelites had started to
worship the Canaanite gods. This was a big mistake on the part of the Israelites
because it is like disowning God. God had already told the Israelites not to
worship false gods, but they had gone and started to do this. In 850 BC,
prophets started to preach against Canaanite gods and were insisting in
exclusive worship of only one God. This was found in Deuteronomy. The main
purpose of Deuteronomy is to enforce exclusive worship of Yahweh. This is what
the prophets had preached. Deuteronomy also commands the extermination of the
Canaanites. This was referred to as the "ban". The ban stated that had
to eliminate all Canaanites and Canaanite beliefs. After some time of destroying
the Canaanites, the Israelites were able to continue live a normal lifestyle
without any pressure to worship other gods. Israelites had gone to worship in
temples after everything had settled down. One day, the book of Deuteronomy was
found when renovating the temple. Josiah had read this book and found that one
of the laws was being broken. The Israelites had been worshiping in old
Canaanites temples. This was considered wrong because they had the presence of
false gods. So Josiah ordered that all the temples outside of Jerusalem had to
be destroyed. So it was done and the only temple that remained was the temple in
Jerusalem. The reason for this was because the temple was in the main city and
could be easily overlooked and controlled, rather than having temples all over
the place and not being able to control them as easily. These two examples show
that the Hebrews did always believe in one God, even though at times they were
persuaded to worship other gods. When it came down to it, Yahweh was the true
God for the Hebrews.
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